Nepal is a landlocked nation in South Asia. It’s positioned primarily within the Himalayas but additionally consists of components of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated inhabitants of 26.4 million, it’s forty eighth largest nation by inhabitants and 93rd largest nation by space. It borders China within the north and India within the south, east, and west whereas Bangladesh is positioned inside solely 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a various geography, together with fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, together with Mount Everest, the very best level on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and largest metropolis. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali because the official language.
The identify “Nepal” is first recorded in texts from the Vedic Age, the period by which Hinduism was based, the predominant faith of the nation. In the course of the primary millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founding father of Buddhism, was born in southern Nepal. Elements of northern Nepal had been intertwined with the tradition of Tibet. The centrally positioned Kathmandu Valley was the seat of the affluent Newar confederacy generally known as Nepal Mandala. The Himalayan department of the traditional Silk Street was dominated by the valley’s merchants. The cosmopolitan area developed distinct conventional artwork and structure. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and later shaped an alliance with the British Empire, beneath its Rana dynasty of premiers. The nation was by no means colonised however served as a buffer state between Imperial China and colonial India.Parliamentary democracy was launched in 1951, however was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005. The Nepalese Civil Warfare within the Nineteen Nineties and early 2000s resulted within the proclamation of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world’s final Hindu monarchy.